RPM 4.12.0 Release Notes

  1. Download information
  2. Summary of changes from RPM 4.11.2
    1. General bugfixes and enhancements
    2. Package building
    3. Removed features
    4. API changes
    5. Internal improvements and cleanups
    6. Plugins
    7. Python bindings
    8. Lua interface
    9. Build process
  3. Compatibility notes

Download information

Summary of changes from RPM 4.11.2

General bugfixes and enhancements

  • New --nopretrans and --noposttrans disabler switches (previously tied to --nopre/--nopost)
  • New --noplugins switch to disable all plugins
  • New --reinstall mode which can handle changing file policies (RhBug:966715)
  • New --exportdb and --importdb switches in rpmdb(8)
  • New --recommends, --suggests, --supplements and --enhances query aliases for querying weak dependencies
  • New optional payload format to support large (> 4GB) files within packages (ticket #41)
  • New rpm2archive utility for converting rpm payload to tar archives
  • Fix curl globbing being enabled on remote retrieval (RhBug:1076277)
  • Fix $1 argument to %pretrans, %posttrans and %verifyscript to behave like all other scripts
  • Fix mixed binary + source rpm installation progress (RhBug:984724)
  • Fix file actions sometimes carrying state across multiple rpmtsRun() calls (RhBug:1076552)
  • Fix duplicate usernames causing false positives on verification (ticket #872)
  • Fix ordering to prefer self-provides on ordering when appropriate (RhBug:1111349)
  • Fix a double-free on unpadded signature header
  • Add support for "new" architectures:
    • m68k (again)
    • Sparc Niagara (detection)
    • ARM v6 and v7 (hardware FPU detection)
  • Documentation, translation updates

Package building

  • New warnings on invalid / dubious spec constructs:
    • Detect multiple %files sections per package
    • Detect empty %files -f manifest files
    • Detect multiple %changelog sections per spec
    • Detect duplicate Group, Summary, Description, Distribution, Vendor, License and Packager tags per package (ticket #27)
  • Add support for specifying weak dependencies (Recommends, Suggests, Supplements and Enhances) tags in spec
  • Add support for automatic generation of weak dependencies (RhBug:1117912)
  • New %{load:<path>} macro to load custom macro files (from eg spec)
  • New %_smp_ncpus_max macro to configure CPU limit for parallel builds (related to RhBug:669638)
  • New %make_build macro for hiding parallel-build magic from specs (ticket #115)
  • New %_rundir macro for referring to /run (formerly /var/run) directory
  • New %__gpg_reserved_space macro allows preallocating space for signatures which allows very fast package signing
  • Add support for detecting and warning on macro scoping violations (RhBug:552944) when %trace is active
  • Add support for %autosetup -S git_am variant (RhBug:???)
  • Fix parametrized macros eating newlines (RhBug:1045723)
  • Fix around macro scoping problems in %autosetup (RhBug:???)
  • Fix ELF soname dependencies getting generated for non-library DSO's too (RhBug:???)
  • Fix garbage sonames sometimes getting added as dependencies (ticket #158)
  • Fix various issues in dependency generator
  • Fix libtool dependency generation with libtool >= 2.4.2 version
  • Fix external dependency generator to use the same generators as internal one by default
  • Fix crash on missing name-argument to %package (RhBug:1123722)
  • Fix non-canonical path usage for matching in debugedit (RhBug:1077148)
  • Fix PPC ABI change in default configuration (RhBug:1085127)

Removed features

  • Remove support for %_noPayloadPrefix (rpm < 3.0.5 compatibility)
  • Remove experimental support for "collections", added in 4.9.0

API changes

  • New rpmtxnBegin() and rpmtxnEnd() to permit clients to control transaction locking
  • New rpmtsImportHeader() to permit importing "detached" headers into rpmdb
  • New rpmtsAddReinstallElement() function for reinstalling packages
  • New rpmdbIndexIteratorNextTd() provides a nicer iterator interface to rpmdb indexes
  • New file info set iterator functions: rpmfiFLinks(), rpmfiFindFN(), rpmfiStat()...
  • New file info set iterator functions for accessing original paths from relocated packages: rpmfiOFN(), rpmfiOBN(), rpmfiODN(), rpmfiFindOFN()
  • New archive API on top of file info iterators: (FIXME: describe...)
  • New "rpmfiles" object + related API for random access to file info sets
  • Many new file info set iteration modes (FIXME: describe...)
  • New rpmteFiles() to return transaction element file info set, to be used instead of rpmteFI()
  • New rpmdsTagF(), rpmdsTagEVR(), rpmdsD(), rpmdsPutToHeader(), rpmdsTi(), rpmdsTagTi() and rpmdsSinglePoolTix() methods to rpmds objects

Internal improvements and cleanups

  • Lots of cleanups all over the codebase
    • Former "file state manager" eliminated and rewritten
    • "Package state manager" largely eliminated
    • File IO subsystem sanity & improvements
    • Berkeley DB dependencies isolated to backend code
    • File info sets are finally properly opaque
    • Handle trigger indexes within rpmds objects
  • Partial thread-safety by added locks/mutexes (FIXME: describe...)
    • Configuration and macros
    • Logging
    • Keyrings and keys
    • ...
  • Fix symlink timestamp on install on systems which support it
  • Fix problematic license on internal mergesort() implementation (removed)
  • Fix rpm dependency on libselinux (moved to a plugin)
  • Fix installation to always use header, not payload metadata
  • Fix global macro state side-effects from rpmInstallSourcePackage()
  • Fix oversized stack allocation on verify (RhBug:1106594)
  • Fix buffer overflows on malformed macro define/undefine (RhBug:1087000)
  • Optimize package generation and signing considerably
  • Optimize file requires processing
  • Optimize installed dependency processing

Plugins

  • A new plugin system, internal-only for now (FIXME: describe...)
  • Plugins included in this release:
    • systemd_inhibit plugin - preventing shutdown while transaction is in progress (RhBug:1109927)
    • selinux plugin - basic SELinux support, previously in librpm directly
    • syslog - example plugin for logging rpm activity to syslog

Python bindings

  • Database index iteration returns proper types for non-strings
  • New rpm.fi methods: FLinks(), FindFN(), OFN()...
  • New fi.FLinks() method added
  • New rpm.files object + related API for random access to file info sets
  • New rpm.archive object + related API for manipulating package payloads
  • New te.Files() method added
  • New addReinstall() method in transaction set objects (related to RhBug:966715, RhBug:1071854...)
  • New rpm.strpool object for utilizing shared string pool with eg rpm.fi and rpm.ds objects
  • New rpm.header_magic constant exported
  • Fix several Python 3 compatibility issues (RhBug:1064758
    • Fix build- and sign-module initialization (RhBug:1064758)
    • Fix sign-module missing module methods
    • Fix incompatible module name usage (foomodule.so vs foo.so)
    • Fix misc Python 2 vs 3 API difference issues
  • ... FIXME:this list is very incomplete

Lua interface

  • New rpm.load() function for loading macro files

Build process

  • New test-cases for various issues
  • Fix dist tarballs to use PAX format to overcome UID/GID limitations
  • Fix in-tree python binding build with setup.py (related to RhBug:531543)
  • Fix librpmsign library to follow same versioning as other rpm libraries for consistency's sake

Compatibility notes

  • Packages containing larger than 4GB files cannot be installed with older rpm versions. This incompatibility is tracked with rpmlib(LargeFiles?) dependency in such packages.